The Flowers of Romania

- The Carpathian Mountains with altitudes of 2500m where you can encounter a lot of endemic and subendemic flowers like the Carpathian Bellflower (Campanula carpatica), the King’s Rock Pink (Dianthus callizonus), Artemisia petrosa and White Hellebore (Veratrum album). The alpine meadows hold an especially rich flora, including the Hepatica transsilvanica, plus Dianthus spiculifolius, Campanula patula (Spreading Bellflower), Trollius europaeus (Globeflower), Gentiana lutea (Yellow Gentian), Viola biflora (Yellow Wood-violet), Aster alpinus, Leontopodium alpinum and Rhododendron kotschyi, Digitalis grandiflora (Large Yellow Foxglove), Saxifraga corymbosa, Pedicularis verticillata (Whorled Lousewort), Gentiana verna (Spring Gentian), Campanula transsilvanica, Primula minima (Alpine Primrose) and Senecio integrifolius,Viola alpina (Alpine Pansy) and Viola dacica.

- The flora of Dobrogea region is very rich as it concentrates 1911 species on 16000 km square being comparable to the plant diversity of the Mediterranean islands Corsica and Crete this represents more than 50% of Romanian flora. This region represents a complex synthesis of the plant biogeographic areas as it is situated at the southern limit of the Central European and some Crimean species, at the northern limit of the Mediteranean-Balkanic – Pontic species and at the western limit of some Asiatic ones. The complex structure of the flora and its specificity, beside the Euro-Asiatic species (25%), is conferred by the high proportion of southern – Balcanic, Pontic – Mediterranean, Submediterranean species (25%) and by the Continental, steppe species (17%). The European and Central European (12%) and Circumboreal (4%) species are less frequent and occur on higher altitudes. All these features confer to Dobrogea the character of synthesis of southeast European flora and not only. A flower hunting trip to Dobrogea is more or less equivalent to a much larger visit to central Europe, northern Greece, Bulgaria, Turkey, the Crimean Mountains and the steppes of Ukraine and Central Asia.

- The Danube Delta is the extreme Est of the European Union, with its 4,152 sq. km is the second largest Delta in Europe after Volga Delta. The total area of the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve is about 580,000ha, more than half of which embraces what is commonly called the “Danube Delta”. The remaining area is shared between the upstream Danube flood plain and the lagoon complex – Razelm Sinoe. The water plants and moor plants are abundant here so if you are intrerested in species like Water Chestnut (Trapa natans), Water ferns (Salvinia natans), Yellow Waterlilly (Nuphar lutea), White Waterlilly (Nymphaea alba) and many species of orchids than the Danube Delta is a must see.

The Wild Flowers of Romania

A list with some of the most exciting wild flower species found in Romania

Carpathian Bellflower

Romanian Bellflower


Campanula carpaticaCampanula romanicaAsyneuma anthericoides
Campanula carpatica, Carpathian BellflowerCampanula romanica, Romanian BellflowerAsyneuma anthericoides

Dobrogean Pink

Pheasant's Eye


Dianthus nardiformisAdonis vernalisAjuga laxmannii
Dianthus nardiformis
Adonis vernalis, Pheasant's Eye
Ajuga laxmannii

Woolly Foxglove

Globe Daisy

Paronychia cephalotes

Digitalis lanataGlobularia punctataParonychia cephalotes
Digitalis lanata, Woolly FoxgloveGlobularia punctata, Globe Daisy Paronychia cephalotes

Ukrainian Fethergrass

Milk Vetch

Sicilian honey lily

Stipa ucrainicaAstragalus monspessulanusNectaroscordum siculum bulgaricum
Stipa ucrainica, Ukrainian FethergrassAstragalus monspessulanus, Milk VetchNectaroscordum siculum bulgaricum, Sicilian honey lily

Drooping star of Bethlehem


Balkan peony

Ornitogalum nutansPulsatila patensPaeonia peregrina
Ornitogalum nutans, Drooping star of BethlehemPulsatila patens, PasqueflowerPaeonia peregrina, Balkan peony

Silk Vine

Meadow Saffron

Autumn Crocus

Periploca graecaColcicum autumnaleCrocus pallasii
Periploca graeca, Silk VineColcicum autumnaleCrocus pallasii

Nodding sage


Oriental campion

Salvia nutansSoldanela hungaricaSilene compacta
Salvia nutansSoldanela hungaricaSilene compacta, Oriental campion

Fringed Water-lily

Water chestnut

Water ferns

Nymphoides peltataTrapa natansSalvinia natans and Azolla filiculoides
Nymphoides peltata, Fringed Water-lilyTrapa natans, Water chestnutSalvinia natans and Azolla filiculoides, Water ferns


The yellow variable Flower-de-Luce

Red Helleborine

Iris sintenisyIris variegataCephalanthera rubra
Iris sintenisyIris variegata, The yellow variable Flower-de-LuceCephalanthera rubra, Red Helleborine

White Helleborine

Greater Butterfly-orchid

Lizard orchid

Cephalanthera damasoniumPlatanthera clorantha -verdastraHimantoglossum hircinum
Cephalanthera damasonium, White HelleborinePlatanthera clorantha -verdastra, Greater Butterfly-orchidHimantoglossum hircinum, Lizard orchid

Violet limodore

Bug orchis

Green-Winged Orchid

Limodorum abortivumOrchis coriophoraOrchis morio picta
Limodorum abortivum, Violet limodore Orchis coriophora, Bug orchisOrchis morio picta, Green-Winged Orchid

Puple Orchid

Monkey Orchid

Three-toothed orchid

Orchis purpureaOrchis simiaOrchis tridentata
Orchis purpurea, Puple OrchidOrchis simia, Monkey OrchidOrchis tridentata, Three-toothed orchid